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SPF板材在木结构建筑的作用与优势

编辑:重庆辰森建材有限公司时间:2019-10-31

      In North America, SPF is widely used in wood structure buildings, especially in single wooden houses. Now, in Europe and Asia, many people are looking for an economic and durable construction method to replace the aging or damaged houses, or when they are rebuilding houses to accommodate the growing population, they will consider choosing effective wood structure buildings and SPF plates.

      Whether it's built on site or using prefabricated components, wood structure building is a fast, light and proven method for building residential, apartment and commercial buildings. It has been tested by a lot of research and proved to be able to adapt to adverse weather conditions.
      Wood structure building has the advantage of improving the thermal insulation performance. Wood structure building can easily achieve higher thermal insulation capacity, which means increasing     residential comfort and reducing the cost of heating and cooling in the house. The research report points out that in the cold area of North China, wood structure buildings save 40% energy than brick concrete structure buildings of the same form.

What is SPF?
    SPF is the abbreviation of spruce pine fir, which is the main commercial softwood species combination produced in Canada. Jiasong SPF is rich in Canada's Cork forest. Because of its straightness, strength to weight ratio, processability, value and availability, relying on the advanced processing technology and low price advantage of North America, the tree species has basically replaced the Russian white pine and camphor pine to become a more widely used tree species combination in the domestic construction industry. Because SPF grows slowly in the cold northern forest area of Canada, its texture is tight and its knots are small, which is conducive to the production of straighter and more stable wood.

Features and uses of SPF:
SPF: straight wood grain with fine texture; the heartwood is milky white, light yellow or light brown, and the sapwood is milky white; the material is soft, light, durable and not easy to warp and deform; the nail has good performance; the gluing, coloring and painting have good performance; it is mainly used for construction, mill tools, panes, doors, wood decorations, panels, fine wood furniture, ordinary furniture, toys, crafts, music The components, jewelry boxes, boxes, clubs, veneers, nails and templates are made into gusset boards, sauna boards and wall protection boards. The texture is similar to that of camphor pine sauna boards, but the pattern is more beautiful than that of camphor pine. It can be used instead of white pine and camphor pine in furniture.

Advantages and functions of SPF applied in wood structure buildings:
1. Flexibility of building: wood structure building can be economically completed to increase internal partition, expand balcony, increase closet and some other changes such as roof.
2. Larger living space: the wood structure building has a compact structure - insulation layer, ventilation layer, moisture barrier, interior and exterior decoration can be included in a small and light space. It can make more space for the actual use area.
3. Faster construction speed: the construction period of wood structure building is short - for example, it takes only one day for three skilled workers to build a single floor house. A faster construction cycle means saving time and labor costs, accelerating sales and capital flows.
4. Meet the building code: through research and testing, it is found that wooden house villa meets or even exceeds the requirements of building code in intensity, sound transmission and fire safety. At present, China has a series of complete wood structure building codes, and local wood structure codes are also in the process of improvement and revision.
5. Durability: there are many wooden houses with a history of more than 100 years. Modern wood structure buildings are more mature than the old ones, and can fully meet the life requirements of the current building life.
6. Convenient installation of electric wires and mechanical pipelines: the space between the internal partition wall and the floor interlayer can be used to walk the horizontal and vertical pipelines, including electric wires, water pipes, and air conditioning pipes. It's very easy to cut and change.

      在北美,SPF被广泛应用于木结构建筑,特别是单体木屋中。现在,在欧洲和亚洲的地区,许多人正寻找一种经济和耐用的建筑方法,以取代老化或被损坏的房屋,或者在改建房屋以容纳增长的人口时,都会考虑选择切实有效的木结构建筑和SPF板材。

      不管是在现场搭建还是在使用预制构件,木结构建筑是快速,轻便,久经验证的住宅,公寓,和商用建筑建造方法。它已经经过了大量的研究测试,被证明能适应不利的天气状况。

      木结构建筑拥有提升热保温性能的优势,木结构建筑能很容易的达到较高保温能力,这意味增加了居住舒适度,和降低房屋在取暖和制冷方面的成本。研究报告指出,在中国北方寒冷地区,木结构房屋比同等形式的砖混结构建筑节能40%之多。

什么是SPF呢?

      SPF是云杉-松木-冷杉的英文缩写,是产自加拿大的主要商用软木材树种组合。加松SPF盛产于加拿大的软木林。该树种因其直度、强度重量比、可加工性、价值及可用性,依靠北美先进的加工技术和低廉的价格优势,基本已经替代俄罗斯白松、樟子松成为国内建筑业较为广泛采用的树种组合。由于SPF是在加拿大寒冷的北部林区缓慢生长,因此其纹理紧密,节疤细小,有利于生产出较直且较稳定的木材。

SPF的特点与用途:

SPF:平直木纹,纹理细密;心材呈乳白、浅黄或淡褐色,边材呈乳白色;材质软、质量轻,耐用性很好,不易翘曲变形;钉钉性能良好;胶粘、上色和上漆的性能都不错;主要用于建筑、磨坊用具、窗格、门、木饰、镶板、细木家具、普通家具、玩具、工艺品、乐器组件、首饰盒、盒具、球棒、单板、木钉和模板等,做成扣板,桑拿板,护墙板,其纹理和樟子松桑拿板相似,但比樟子松的花纹更优美,在做家具方面可以替代白松和樟子松使用。

SPF应用于木结构建筑的优势与作用:

1 . 建筑的灵活性:木结构建筑可以很经济便宜地完成增加内隔墙,拓展阳台,增加壁橱和以及一些诸如屋面等其他改动。

2 . 更大居住空间:木结构建筑结构紧凑一一保温层,通风层,防潮屏障,内部和外部装修都能包含在一个即小又轻的空间内。能为实际使用面积腾出更多空间。

3 . 更快的施工速度:木结构建筑施工周期短——举例一般3个熟练工人建一个单元的一层住宅只需要一天时间。更快的施工周期意味着节省了时间和人力成本,加快了销售和资金流转。

4 . 满足建筑规范:经过研究和测试发现,木屋别墅满足甚至超过建筑规范在强度,声音传播和防火安全的要求。中国目前已经具备了一系列完备的木结构建筑规范,地方木结构规范也在完善修编当中。

5 . 耐久性:有很多木屋已经有上百年的历史,现代木结构建筑比旧式木结构建筑更为成熟,完全能够满足目前建筑年限所需的寿命要求。

6 . 安装电线和机械管线方便:内隔墙,和地板夹层空隙可以被用来走横向和纵向的管线,包括电线,水管,和空调管。开凿和改动都非常的容易。